Understanding Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Management

Understanding Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Management

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a prevalent health condition impacting one in ten globally. Characterized by an imbalance in reproductive hormones, this syndrome can lead to irregular menstrual periods, skin changes, and in some cases, difficulty with fertility. Recognizing the critical role of accurate information in guiding women affected by PCOS, Barbara A. Hessel, MD. FACOG, an esteemed obstetrician/gynecologist with over 25 years of practice in Forest Hills, NY, provides an in-depth look at this complex disorder.

Understanding PCOS and learning how to manage it effectively is a key part of reproductive health. In the sections that follow, we will delve into the various symptoms of PCOS, the vital role of early diagnosis, and the importance of comprehensive disease management. We will also explore how PCOS influences a woman’s overall health and well-being and identify some lifestyle modifications that can aid in handling the condition.

Signs and Symptoms of PCOS

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) exhibits a wide range of symptoms, which can vary greatly between individuals. Some of the most common signs include:

1. Irregular Periods: The most common symptom is infrequent or prolonged menstrual cycles, resulting from irregular ovulation.

2. Excess Androgen: High levels of male hormones (androgens) can cause physical changes such as acne, oily skin, male-pattern hair growth (hirsutism), and hair loss.

3. Polycystic Ovaries: Ovaries may become enlarged and contain numerous small, fluid-filled follicles that fail to develop fully and release eggs.

4. Weight Gain: Many women with PCOS experience weight gain and difficulty losing weight, leading to further complications.

The Importance of Early Diagnosis and Tests

A timely and accurate diagnosis of PCOS is essential for effective management. Appropriate tests and examinations can identify the syndrome early, helping to minimize the risk of associated complications. Diagnostic processes may include:

1. Medical History Review: A thorough evaluation of a patient’s medical history, past symptoms, and family history is crucial in understanding risk factors.

2. Physical Examination: This examination may involve checking the body for signs of excessive hair growth, acne, or other indications of increased androgen levels. A pelvic exam may also be performed to assess the presence of polycystic ovaries.

3. Blood Tests: Measurements of hormone levels, such as androgens and insulin, can provide valuable information for diagnosis.

4. Ultrasound: Identification of ovarian cysts or enlarged ovaries can confirm the PCOS diagnosis.

Comprehensive Disease Management Options

There is no cure for PCOS, but effective management strategies can help alleviate symptoms and reduce associated risks. Some treatment options may include:

1. Hormonal Therapy: Birth control pills or other hormonal medications can help regulate periods, reduce excess androgen, and manage issues such as acne or hair growth.

2. Lifestyle Modifications: Weight loss, changes in diet, and regular exercise can help improve insulin resistance and reduce PCOS symptoms. A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains is recommended.

3. Medications for Insulin Resistance: In some cases, medications like Metformin may be prescribed to address insulin resistance and improve hormone balance.

4. Fertility Treatments: For women struggling with infertility due to PCOS, fertility medications or assisted reproductive technologies may be viable options.

The Impact of PCOS on Overall Health and Well-being

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome not only affects reproductive health but can also have broader implications for general health and well-being:

1. Psychological Impact: The physical symptoms associated with PCOS can contribute to feelings of low self-esteem, anxiety, and depression.

2. Metabolic Syndrome: Women with PCOS have a higher risk of developing metabolic syndrome, characterized by high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and abnormal cholesterol levels.

3. Type 2 Diabetes: Insulin resistance in PCOS sufferers increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

4. Sleep Disorders: Elevated androgen levels linked to PCOS may contribute to sleep disturbances like sleep apnea.


Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a complex endocrine disorder requiring proper understanding, accurate diagnosis, and comprehensive management to mitigate its impact on patients’ lives. By familiarizing yourself with the wide-ranging symptoms of PCOS and embracing early diagnosis and treatment strategies, you can effectively confront the challenges associated with this condition. Moreover, adopting lifestyle modifications and prioritizing overall health and wellness can significantly improve the lives of women living with PCOS.

As a board-certified obstetrician/gynecologist with affiliations to Northwell Health/ Long Island Jewish Medical Center and an honored recipient of the Special Excellence in Endoscopic Procedures Award, Barbara A. Hessel, MD. FACOG is ideally positioned to offer professional insights into the struggles associated with PCOS. She can provide the necessary support, education, and care to navigate this condition, improve your quality of life, and ensure your overall wellness. Let Dr. Hessel empower you to face your diagnosis head-on and live a fuller, healthier life. Contact Barbara A. Hessel, MD. FACOG to schedule an appointment!

Menopause Nutrition: Optimizing Health and Wellness

Menopause Nutrition: Optimizing Health and Wellness

Menopause marks a significant transition in a woman’s life, often accompanied by a variety of physical and emotional changes. As the body adapts to shifting hormone levels, women may experience symptoms like hot flashes, night sweats, weight gain, mood fluctuations, and sleep disturbances. While menopause is a natural process, adhering to a balanced and nutrient-dense diet can help ease symptoms and promote overall health and wellness during this stage of life.

Barbara A. Hessel, MD. FACOG, a board-certified obstetrician/gynecologist in Forest Hills, NY, with over 25 years of experience, recognizes the vital role nutrition plays in women’s health, particularly during menopause. By providing educational, informative, and unique insights into menopause-related nutrition, Dr. Hessel offers women valuable guidance and support as they navigate this transformative period. Drawing upon her expertise, she presents practical tips and effective strategies for optimizing health and managing menopause symptoms through dietary choices.

Embracing a balanced and nutrient-rich diet tailored to the needs of women experiencing menopause is vital for addressing symptoms and promoting overall health. Trust in the guidance of Barbara A. Hessel, MD. FACOG, and her expertise in women’s gynecological and reproductive health, to provide the necessary support and resources for a satisfying and healthful menopause experience.

Key Principles of a Menopause-Friendly Diet

A menopause-friendly diet should emphasize nutrient-dense foods that support hormonal balance, weight management, and overall health. The key components of a balanced diet during menopause include:

1. Fruits and Vegetables: Rich in vitamins, minerals, and fiber, fruits, and vegetables provide essential nutrients and support a healthy immune system.

2. Whole Grains: Whole grains are rich in fiber and can help maintain stable blood sugar levels, which is crucial for managing weight and overall health during menopause.

3. Lean Proteins: High-quality proteins help support muscle mass and can assist in weight management due to their satiating effect.

4. Healthy Fats: Omega-3 fatty acids, found in sources like fish and avocados, support cognitive function, cardiovascular health, and hormonal balance.

5. Calcium-Rich Foods: Menopause increases the risk of osteoporosis, making it essential to prioritize calcium-rich foods, such as dairy products or fortified alternatives.

Essential Nutrients for Menopausal Women

Certain nutrients are especially significant during menopause, as they address the unique needs of women during this life stage.

1. Calcium: Adequate calcium intake is critical for maintaining strong bones and preventing osteoporosis. Good sources include dairy products, fortified plant-based milks, and leafy greens.

2. Vitamin D: Enhancing calcium absorption and promoting bone health, vitamin D is found in fatty fish, fortified dairy products, and sunlight exposure.

3. Iron: Iron requirements decrease after menopause, but maintaining a balanced intake is essential for overall energy and vitality. Iron-rich foods include red meat, poultry, beans, and iron-fortified cereals.

4. Phytoestrogens: Found in foods like soy, flaxseeds, and legumes, phytoestrogens can help to alleviate hot flashes and other estrogen-related symptoms during menopause.

5. B Vitamins: These vitamins support energy production and cognitive health, with B12 absorption decreasing as women age. Foods rich in B vitamins include lean meats, legumes, and fortified cereals.

Managing Menopause Symptoms with Nutrition

Dietary choices can play an influential role in managing common symptoms of menopause, such as:

1. Hot Flashes: Consuming phytoestrogen-rich foods, like soy products, and avoiding common triggers like spicy foods, alcohol, and caffeine can help reduce hot flash frequency and severity.

2. Weight Gain: By focusing on whole foods, lean proteins, and portion control, women can more effectively manage weight during menopause.

3. Mood Swings: Consuming foods high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as fish and walnuts, and maintaining stable blood sugar levels can help promote balanced moods and emotional well-being.

4. Sleep Disturbances: Eating a balanced diet and incorporating foods rich in magnesium, like leafy greens and nuts, can help promote restful sleep and reduce insomnia.

Staying Active and Making Lifestyle Changes

In addition to nutrition, incorporating regular physical activity into your daily routine is vital for managing menopause symptoms and maintaining overall health. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate exercise per week, including a combination of cardiovascular activities, strength training, and flexibility exercises. Additionally, adopting healthy lifestyle practices, such as stress management techniques and adequate sleep, can further support overall well-being during menopause.


Navigating menopause is a unique and personal journey, and embracing optimal nutrition during this time is essential for managing symptoms and supporting overall health and wellness. By incorporating a balanced menopause-friendly diet, prioritizing key nutrients, and making proactive lifestyle changes, women can feel empowered and confident as they transition through this phase of life.

Barbara A. Hessel, MD. FACOG, provides the guidance and expertise necessary for women to make informed decisions and optimize their well-being during menopause. Trust in the knowledge and compassionate care of Dr. Hessel, an experienced obstetrician/gynecologist, to support your journey toward a healthful and fulfilling menopause experience. Contact us today to experience the power of nutrition and self-care to navigate this transformative life stage with grace and resilience.

The Importance of Sleep for Women’s Hormonal Balance 

The Importance of Sleep for Women’s Hormonal Balance 

Sleep is essential for overall health and well-being, affecting nearly every system in our bodies, from brain function to immune health. For women, sleep plays a particularly crucial role in maintaining hormonal balance and supporting optimal reproductive health. Unfortunately, many women experience sleep disturbances, which can exacerbate hormonal imbalances and contribute to various health concerns, such as menstrual irregularities, fertility issues, and increased risk for chronic conditions like obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases.

As a board-certified obstetrician/gynecologist with over 25 years of experience in women’s health, Barbara A. Hessel, MD. FACOG is dedicated to guiding women in Forest Hills, NY to understand the vital importance of sleep for their hormonal health. By recognizing the connection between sleep and hormonal balance, women can make well-informed lifestyle choices to prioritize their sleep and optimize their overall well-being.

In this informative blog post, we will delve into the complex relationship between sleep and women’s hormonal health, explaining how sleep disturbances can impact hormonal balance and contribute to various health issues. We will also discuss practical strategies for addressing common sleep problems and optimizing sleep quality, empowering you to take charge of your rest and restore hormonal harmony. So, join Dr. Hessel as she uncovers the often-underestimated role of sleep in women’s well-being and provides valuable tips to help you achieve restorative slumber and maintain a healthy hormonal balance.

The Connection Between Sleep and Hormones

Hormones play a vital role in regulating various bodily functions, including mood, appetite, stress response, and reproductive health. Sleep affects the production and release of various hormones, and disruptions to this process can lead to many health issues. Some key hormones that are significantly influenced by sleep include:

1. Melatonin: Often referred to as the “sleep hormone,” melatonin is responsible for regulating our natural sleep-wake cycle. It is produced and released in response to darkness, making us feel drowsy and signaling that it’s time for sleep. Inadequate melatonin production can lead to insomnia and other sleep disturbances.

2. Estrogen and Progesterone:These hormones play crucial roles in regulating women’s menstrual cycles, fertility, and menopause. Sleep disturbances have been shown to affect hormonal levels, potentially leading to menstrual irregularities, painful periods, or worsened premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms.

3. Cortisol: Known as the “stress hormone,” cortisol levels naturally fluctuate throughout the day, with higher levels in the morning to help us feel alert and energized and lower levels at night for sleep. Disrupted sleep patterns can cause cortisol levels to remain elevated, leading to increased stress and difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep.

4. Leptin and Ghrelin: These hormones are involved in appetite regulation. Leptin signals our body that it is full, whereas ghrelin is responsible for hunger cues. Sleep deprivation can result in decreased leptin levels and increased ghrelin levels, making us more prone to overeating and weight gain.

Common Sleep Issues Affecting Women

Women may experience various sleep disturbances related to hormonal changes or other factors unique to their physiology. Common sleep issues include:

1. Insomnia: Difficulty falling or staying asleep, leading to reduced sleep quality and quantity.

2. Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Characterized by brief pauses in breathing during sleep, it can cause fragmented sleep and lead to daytime sleepiness.

3. Restless Legs Syndrome: A neurological condition causing uncomfortable sensations in the legs and an irresistible urge to move, often disrupting sleep.

4. Sleep Disturbances During Menstruation, Pregnancy, and Menopause: Hormonal fluctuations during these periods can affect women’s sleep, causing insomnia or general discomfort that makes it challenging to achieve consistent, restful sleep.

Strategies for Improving Sleep Quality

To optimize your hormonal health, it’s essential to prioritize your sleep. Here are some practical strategies to improve sleep quality:

1. Establish a Consistent Sleep Schedule: Aim to go to bed and wake up at the same time each day, even on weekends, to help regulate your natural sleep-wake cycle.

2. Create a Sleep-Friendly Environment: Ensure your bedroom is quiet, dark, and at a comfortable temperature. Invest in a supportive mattress and pillows, and consider using blackout curtains or a white noise machine if necessary.

3. Develop a Relaxing Bedtime Routine: Engage in calming activities before bedtime, such as reading a book, practicing meditation, or taking a warm bath, to signal your body that it’s time for sleep.

4. Limit Exposure to Electronics: The blue light emitted from electronic devices can interfere with melatonin production and disrupt your sleep-wake cycle. Limit your screen time before bed and consider using a blue light filter on your devices.

5. Manage Stress: Engage in regular stress-relieving activities such as exercise, yoga, and deep breathing exercises to help manage cortisol levels and promote relaxation.

Seeking Professional Help

If your sleep problems persist despite incorporating these strategies, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional like Barbara A. Hessel, MD. FACOG. She can provide personalized guidance and recommend appropriate treatments based on your unique needs and medical history.


Prioritizing sleep is vital for maintaining optimal hormonal balance and overall well-being. By understanding the connection between sleep and women’s hormonal health, women can make informed lifestyle choices to ensure a more restful and rejuvenating slumber. 

Barbara A. Hessel, MD. FACOG is committed to helping women in Forest Hills, NY understand the importance of sleep and offers expert guidance and support in addressing sleep-related concerns. By prioritizing your rest and addressing potential sleep issues, you can foster hormonal harmony and improve your overall health. Embrace the restorative power of sleep and take charge of your well-being today. Contact Dr. Hessel today for the OBGYN expertise you deserve. 

Exercises During Pregnancy: A Guide to a Healthy & Fit Lifestyle

Exercises During Pregnancy: A Guide to a Healthy & Fit Lifestyle

Pregnancy is a time of immense physical and emotional change for women. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including exercising regularly, can have significant benefits for both the mother and the baby.

Studies have shown that exercising during pregnancy can reduce the risk of gestational diabetes, support healthy weight, and improve overall physical and mental well-being. However, it’s essential to follow safe guidelines and choose the right exercises according to your pregnancy stage.

In this guide to exercises during pregnancy, we will discuss the advantages of working out while pregnant, provide suggestions for safe and practical exercises, and highlight potential risks and precautions that must be considered. We’ll also touch upon how to modify your workouts based on your fitness levels and stage of pregnancy, ensuring a safe and comfortable exercise experience.

The Benefits of Exercising During Pregnancy

Exercising during pregnancy offers numerous benefits for both the expecting mother and the baby. Staying active can help:

1. Alleviate pregnancy discomforts: Physical activities can help reduce discomforts such as back pain, swelling, and constipation.

2. Improve mood and energy levels: Regular exercise boosts endorphins, which can improve mood and increase energy levels.

3. Promote weight management: Staying active helps control weight gain throughout pregnancy, reducing the risk of complications.

4. Strengthen muscles: Exercise can increase muscle strength, endurance, and flexibility, which can be beneficial during labor.

5. Improve sleep: Physical activity can help pregnant women fall asleep faster and enjoy a better quality of sleep.

6. Reduce the risk of complications: Regular exercise may lower the risk of gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and premature birth.

Safe Exercises to Perform During Pregnancy

Here are some safe and effective workouts that can be performed during pregnancy:

1. Walking: It’s one of the best cardiovascular exercises for pregnant women, providing an excellent workout without putting too much stress on the joints.

2. Swimming: This low-impact exercise helps pregnant women build strength and improve cardiovascular fitness while reducing the strain on the joints.

3. Prenatal yoga: Yoga promotes flexibility, strength, and balance, as well as improving mental relaxation and focus.

4. Pelvic floor exercises: Kegel exercises help strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, which are essential for a smooth delivery and postpartum recovery.

5. Gentle stretches: Stretching can help maintain flexibility and prevent muscle strain, promoting overall comfort during pregnancy.

Precautions and Safety Measures When Exercising During Pregnancy

While exercising during pregnancy is beneficial, it’s crucial to follow specific safety measures to avoid unnecessary risks:

1. Consult your doctor: Before starting any exercise regimen, consult with your healthcare provider to ensure it is safe for you and your baby.

2. Avoid high-impact exercises: High-impact workouts, like jogging and jumping, can be too strenuous during pregnancy. Stick to low-impact exercises that are gentler on the body.

3. Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water before, during, and after exercising to stay hydrated and prevent overheating.

4. Monitor your heart rate: Keep your heart rate in check during physical activities, aiming for a moderate intensity level where you can still carry on a conversation.

5. Listen to your body: Pay attention to your body’s signals and stop exercising if you feel any pain, discomfort, or unusual symptoms such as dizziness, shortness of breath, or contractions.

Adapting Your Workout Routine for Each Trimester

As your pregnancy progresses, you may need to modify your exercise routine to accommodate the changes in your body. Here are some suggestions for adapting workouts during each trimester:

First Trimester

During the first trimester, you can generally continue with your pre-pregnancy exercise routine if approved by your doctor. However, you may need to make some modifications:

1. Opt for low-impact exercises if you feel discomfort or fatigue.

2. Focus on maintaining a consistent routine rather than increasing intensity.

3. Take breaks and rest when needed, prioritizing self-care during this period of significant change.

4. Avoid saunas, steam rooms, and hot tubs.

Second Trimester

As your belly grows during the second trimester, it’s essential to modify your workouts accordingly:

1. Avoid exercises that involve lying flat on your back, as it can cause decreased blood flow to the baby.

2. Focus on strengthening your core and pelvic floor muscles to support your growing baby.

3. Incorporate balance exercises as your center of gravity shifts,but avoid any exercises that might cause you to lose your balance and fall.

Third Trimester

In the final trimester, focus on staying active and maintaining your fitness levels while prioritizing comfort:

1. Reduce the intensity of your workouts, opting for shorter and more gentle sessions.

2. Choose exercises that help prepare your body for delivery, such as pelvic tilts and prenatal yoga.

3. Avoid exercises that may cause strain on your abdomen or increase the risk of injury.


Exercise during pregnancy is a vital aspect of maintaining a healthy lifestyle for both mother and baby. With appropriate guidance and understanding of the benefits and safety measures, pregnant women can enjoy an active, fit, and healthy pregnancy journey. Remember to consult with a trusted healthcare provider before starting or modifying any exercise routine, and always listen to your body to ensure a safe and comfortable experience.

If you need a maternity care consultation to learn about pregnancy nutrition and exercise, Barbara A. Hessel, MD. FACOG is ready to help you. She is a board-certified obstetrician/gynecologist working with patients in the Forest Hills, NY area for over 25 years. She is a member of the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists and a recipient of the Special Excellence in Endoscopic Procedures Award. Contact us today to book a consultation!

Nutrition During Menopause: A Guide to Optimal Health

Nutrition During Menopause: A Guide to Optimal Health

Menopause is a natural phase in every woman’s life, marking the end of her reproductive years. As hormone levels change during this time, various physical and emotional symptoms may arise, making it essential to prioritize nutrition and overall well-being. A balanced diet can significantly impact how women experience menopause, from managing symptoms to promoting long-term health and vitality. However, understanding the unique nutritional needs during this life stage can be challenging, as misinformation and conflicting advice abound.

Dr. Barbara Hessel, MD, a board-certified obstetrician/gynecologist with over 25 years of experience in Forest Hills, NY, is committed to empowering women with the knowledge and tools they need to make informed decisions about their health during menopause. Through her compassionate care and expert guidance, Dr. Hessel demystifies the complexities of menopausal nutrition and offers practical advice for promoting optimal health during this transition.

This comprehensive blog post will discuss the nutrients and dietary habits essential for supporting women’s health during menopause. From the importance of calcium and vitamin D for bone health to the role of phytoestrogens in alleviating symptoms, Dr. Hessel’s insights will provide an invaluable resource for women navigating this significant life change. Furthermore, we will delve into practical strategies for adopting a healthier lifestyle through balanced meals, mindful eating, and regular physical activity – all crucial components of holistic menopausal health.

By understanding the unique nutritional needs of women during menopause, and under the care of an experienced healthcare professional like Dr. Hessel, you can feel confident in making choices that support your well-being throughout this transformative period. Join us as we explore the power of nutrition as a vital component of menopausal health and empower yourself to embrace a renewed sense of vitality and longevity.

Essential Nutrients for Women During Menopause

1. Calcium: During menopause, hormonal shifts increase the risk of bone loss and osteoporosis. Calcium is essential for preserving bone density and strength. Include calcium-rich foods in your diet, such as dairy products, leafy greens, and fortified plant-based milk alternatives.

2. Vitamin D: This crucial nutrient works in tandem with calcium to support bone health, as it helps your body absorb calcium more efficiently. Increase your vitamin D intake through safe sun exposure, fortified foods, and supplementation, as recommended by your healthcare professional.

3. B Vitamins: The B complex group of vitamins plays a vital role in supporting energy levels, brain function, and mood regulation. Incorporate B-rich foods into your diet, such as whole grains, lean protein sources, and a variety of fruits and vegetables.

4. Phytoestrogens: These plant-based compounds mimic the effects of estrogen in the body, helping alleviate common menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes. Foods rich in phytoestrogens include soy-based products, flaxseeds, and certain legumes.

Dietary Habits to Adopt During Menopause

1. Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of water throughout the day to maintain healthy digestion, circulation, and metabolism. Adequate hydration also helps manage symptoms such as hot flashes and night sweats.

2. Limit Processed Foods: Excess salt, sugar, and unhealthy fats found in processed and fast foods can exacerbate menopausal symptoms and increase the risk of lifestyle-related diseases. Focus on whole, nutrient-dense foods for a balanced diet.

3. Eat Regular, Balanced Meals: Plan meals that include appropriate portions of protein, healthy fats, whole grains, and a variety of fruits and vegetables. Regular, balanced meals can help stabilize blood sugar levels and reduce mood swings associated with menopause.

4. Incorporate Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Omega-3 fatty acids offer numerous health benefits, including improved heart, brain, and joint health. Include fatty fish like salmon, mackerel, and sardines in your diet, as well as plant-based sources like chia seeds and walnuts.

Maintaining an Active Lifestyle

1. Cardiovascular Exercise: Regular aerobic exercise helps maintain heart health, boost mood, and support a healthy weight during menopause. Aim for at least 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity exercise, such as brisk walking or swimming.

2. Strength Training: Resistance training helps preserve muscle mass and bone density while increasing metabolism. Incorporate strength training exercises with body weight, free weights, or resistance bands at least twice weekly.

3. Flexibility and Balance: Activities such as yoga, Pilates, and tai chi can improve flexibility, balance, and mindfulness, helping you manage stress and reduce the risk of falls as you age.

4. Seek Support: Joining exercise classes or working with a fitness professional can provide motivation, accountability, and social support, improving your likelihood of maintaining a consistent exercise routine.

Managing Menopausal Symptoms with Lifestyle Strategies

1. Practice Stress Management: Chronic stress can exacerbate menopause symptoms and impact overall well-being. Incorporate stress-relief techniques into your daily routine, such as deep breathing exercises, mindfulness meditation, or journaling.

2. Prioritize Sleep: Aim for 7-9 hours of quality sleep each night. Adopt healthy sleep habits, like maintaining a consistent bedtime routine, creating a comfortable and dark sleep environment, and avoiding caffeine and electronic devices before bedtime.

3. Stay Connected: Social support from friends, family, and healthcare professionals plays a critical role in maintaining mental and emotional well-being during menopause. Connect with others going through similar experiences by joining support groups, online forums, or participating in community activities.


Prioritizing nutrition and overall well-being during menopause is crucial for not only managing symptoms but also embracing a renewed sense of vitality and longevity. By understanding the unique nutritional needs of women during this life stage and incorporating healthy lifestyle habits, you can confidently navigate this transformative period to optimize your health.

Barbara A. Hessel, MD. FACOG is committed to providing compassionate care and expert guidance for women during menopause in Forest Hills, NY. Through her wealth of knowledge and personalized approach, Dr. Hessel helps women make informed decisions about their health and well-being at this critical time. If you are looking for nutrition coaching for menopause, do book an appointment today!

What an Obstetrician Does: Pregnancy and Childbirth Care

What an Obstetrician Does: Pregnancy and Childbirth Care

Pregnancy is an exciting time for expectant mothers, but it can also be a time of great uncertainty and anxiety. That’s where an obstetrician comes in. Obstetricians are medical professionals who specialize in the care of pregnant women and their unborn babies. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at what obstetricians do, why they’re essential, and what you can expect if you’re under their care during pregnancy and childbirth.

What Is an Obstetrician?

An obstetrician is a medical doctor who specializes in the care of pregnant women and their unborn babies. Obstetricians are also trained to manage any complications that may arise during pregnancy, such as high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, or preterm labor. They work closely with other medical professionals, such as perinatologists, neonatologists, and midwives, to provide comprehensive care for their patients.

What Does an Obstetrician Do?

An obstetrician’s primary role is to monitor the health and development of the fetus and the health of the mother throughout pregnancy. This involves regular check-ups and ultrasounds to ensure that the baby is growing and developing properly. Obstetricians also monitor the mother’s health during pregnancy, checking for any signs of complications such as preeclampsia, preterm labor, or gestational diabetes.

Obstetricians are responsible for managing the labor and delivery process. They work closely with labor and delivery nurses to ensure that the mother and baby are safe and comfortable during labor. Obstetricians also perform cesarean sections (C-sections) when necessary and are trained to handle emergency situations such as fetal distress or umbilical cord prolapse.

After delivery, obstetricians continue to monitor the mother’s health and recovery, checking for any signs of complications such as postpartum hemorrhage or infection. They also provide guidance on breastfeeding and infant care and may refer the mother to other medical professionals if necessary.

Why Are Obstetricians Important?

Obstetricians play a critical role in ensuring the health and safety of both mother and baby during pregnancy and childbirth. They are trained to identify and manage any complications that may arise and are equipped to handle emergencies if they occur.

In addition to their medical expertise, obstetricians provide emotional support and guidance to expectant mothers throughout the pregnancy and delivery process. They can help alleviate anxiety and provide reassurance during what can be a stressful and uncertain time.

What Should You Expect if You’re Under an Obstetrician’s Care?

If you’re under an obstetrician’s care during pregnancy, you can expect to have regular check-ups and ultrasounds to monitor the health and development of your baby. Your obstetrician will also monitor your health throughout pregnancy, checking for any signs of complications.

As your due date approaches, your obstetrician will work with you to develop a birth plan that outlines your preferences for labor and delivery. They will also provide guidance on pain management options and help you prepare for the delivery process.

During labor, your obstetrician will be present to monitor your progress and ensure that you and your baby are safe and comfortable. If complications arise, they will work quickly to address them and ensure safe delivery.

After delivery, your obstetrician will continue to monitor your health and recovery, checking for any signs of complications. They will provide guidance on breastfeeding and infant care and may refer you to other medical professionals if necessary.

Final Thoughts

Obstetricians play a critical role in ensuring the health and safety of both mother and baby during pregnancy and childbirth. They are trained to identify and manage any complications that may arise and are equipped to handle emergency situations if they occur. If you’re under an obstetrician’s care during pregnancy, you can expect to receive comprehensive care and support throughout the pregnancy and delivery process. With the help of an obstetrician, you can feel confident that you and your baby are well cared for.

Do you need pregnancy testing? Trust Barbara A. Hessel, MD. FACOG, a board-certified obstetrician/gynecologist who has been working with patients in the Forest Hills, NY area for over 25 years. She is a member of the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists and a recipient of the Special Excellence in Endoscopic Procedures Award. Her hospital affiliations include Northwell Health/ Long Island Jewish Medical Center. Book now!